history:malankara_syrian_orthodox_church_from_its_inception_until_the_time_of_reunion:the_modern_day_descendant_churches_of_pazhayakuttukar_and_puthankuttukar

The modern day descendant churches of Pazhayakuttukar and Puthankuttukar

The Pazhayakuttukar, who remained loyal to the Catholic Church and the Pope, and continued to use the East Syriac (Chaldean) Rite and language, are today known as the Syro-Malabar Catholics. They are an Eastern Catholic church in full communion with the Holy See, and have their own hierarchy, liturgy, spirituality, tradition, theology, and canonical discipline. They are the second-largest Eastern Church in full union with Rome, with almost five million faithful. They also have many eparchies (dioceses) and communities outside of Kerala, India.

The Puthankuttukar, who broke away from the Catholic Church and the Pope, and adopted the West Syriac (Antiochian) Rite and tradition, are today divided into several churches, such as:

  • The Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, also known as the Indian Orthodox Church, which is an autocephalous (self-governing) church, headed by the Catholicos of the East and the Malankara Metropolitan, who are elected by a synod of bishops and a general assembly of the church2. They have about two million members, mostly in Kerala, India.
  • The Malankara Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church, also known as the Jacobite Church, which is an autonomous church, under the jurisdiction of the Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch, headed by the Patriarch of Antioch and the Catholicos of India, who are appointed by the Patriarch. They have about 1.2 million members, mostly in Kerala, India.
  • The Malankara Mar Thoma Syrian Church, also known as the Mar Thoma Church, which is a reformed church, that follows a modified West Syriac Rite and tradition, and accepts the supremacy of the Bible and the Nicene Creed as the basis of faith. They are led by the Mar Thoma Metropolitan, who is elected by a synod of bishops and a general assembly of the church. They have about one million members, mostly in Kerala, India, but also in other parts of India and abroad.
  • The Malankara Syrian Catholic Church, also known as the Malankara Catholic Church, which is an Eastern Catholic church that reunited with the Catholic Church and the Pope in 1930, under the leadership of Archbishop Mar Ivanios. They follow the West Syriac Rite and tradition. They are headed by the Major Archbishop of Trivandrum and the Catholicos of India, who are elected by a synod of bishops. They have about half a million members, mostly in Kerala, India, but also in other parts of India and abroad.
  • The Thozhiyur Church, also known as the Malabar Independent Syrian Church, which is an independent church that split from the Malankara Church in 1772, over the issue of the authority of the Patriarch of Antioch. They follow the West Syriac Rite and tradition, but also have some distinctive features, such as the use of the vernacular Malayalam language in the liturgy, and the practice of married clergy. They are headed by the Metropolitan of Thozhiyur, who is elected by a synod of bishops and a general assembly of the church. They have about 10,000 members, mostly in Kerala, India.
  • The St. Thomas Evangelical Church of India, which is a Protestant church that split from the Mar Thoma Church in 1961, over the issue of the validity of the apostolic succession and the episcopal polity. They follow a simplified West Syriac Rite and tradition, but also emphasize the evangelical and missionary aspects of the church. They are led by the Presiding Bishop, who is elected by a synod of bishops and a general assembly of the church. They have about 35,000 members, mostly in Kerala, India, but also in other parts of India and abroad.
  • The Malabar Brethren Church, which is a Protestant church that split from the Mar Thoma Church in 1899, over the issue of the influence of the Anglican Church and the Protestant missionaries. They follow a congregational polity, and do not have any bishops or clergy, but only elders and deacons. They have about 25,000 members, mostly in Kerala, India, but also in other parts of India and abroad.
  • The Church of South India, which is a united church that was formed in 1947, by the merger of the Anglican Church, the Methodist Church, the Presbyterian Church, the Congregational Church, and a section of the Mar Thoma Church and the Malankara Orthodox Church. They follow a modified Anglican Rite and tradition, but also incorporate elements from the other churches that joined the union. They are headed by the Moderator, who is elected by a synod of bishops and a general assembly of the church. They have about four million members, mostly in South India, but also in other parts of India and abroad.
history/malankara_syrian_orthodox_church_from_its_inception_until_the_time_of_reunion/the_modern_day_descendant_churches_of_pazhayakuttukar_and_puthankuttukar.txt · Last modified: 2024/05/30 05:50 by smcc