history:malankara_syrian_orthodox_church_from_its_inception_until_the_time_of_reunion:origin_of_the_thozhiyoor_church

Origin of the Thozhiyoor Church

Establishment Amidst Ecclesiastical Disagreements (1772-1794)

The Thozhiyoor Church, also known as the Independent Syrian Church of Malabar, emerged during a period of ecclesiastical disagreements within the Malankara Church. Following the consecration of Mar Dionysius I (formerly Mar Thomas VI) in 1772, the two Antiochene bishops, who had been instrumental in his consecration, remained in Malankara but did not exercise any jurisdiction. Mar Dionysius I functioned as the sole head and leader of the Church.

Consecration of Ramban Kurian Abraham Kattumangattu

On November 28, 1772, due to unresolved differences with Mar Dionysius I, Mar Gregorios consecrated Ramban Kurian Abraham Kattumangattu as Bishop Abraham Mar Koorillos. Despite his consecration, Bishop Abraham Mar Koorillos was unable to exercise power in the Church. His ministry in Malankara spanned over 21 years, during which he faced challenges in asserting his episcopal authority.

Death of Mar Gregorios and the Role of Mar Ivanios

Mar Gregorios, a key figure in the Antiochene influence in Malankara, passed away in 1773. Mar Ivanios, the third Antiochene Bishop, continued to support Mar Dionysius I until his death in 1794. This period was marked by a consolidation of Mar Dionysius I's position as the official metropolitan and head of the Malankara Church.

Formation of the Thozhiyoor Church

The establishment of the Thozhiyoor Church can be traced back to the constraints faced by Abraham Mar Koorillos following his consecration. Restricted by the kingdoms of Travancore and Cochin, and unable to assert his role in the Malankara Church, Abraham Mar Koorillos sought refuge in “British Malabar.” In this region, he founded the Independent Syrian Church of Malabar at Thozhiyoor (Anjoor) in the present district of Trichur. This development marked a significant divergence within the Malankara Church, leading to the establishment of a separate ecclesiastical entity.

Ecclesiastical Tradition and Status

The Thozhiyoor Church, to this day, consists of a single diocese and continues to follow the Antiochene Syrian Orthodox or Jacobite tradition. Its formation reflects the complex dynamics of ecclesiastical leadership, regional influence, and religious tradition that characterized the Christian community in this period of Kerala's history.

history/malankara_syrian_orthodox_church_from_its_inception_until_the_time_of_reunion/origin_of_the_thozhiyoor_church.txt · Last modified: 2024/01/22 05:33 by smcc